Cash transfer programs hold significant potential to mitigate the economic burdens resulting from the HIV epidemic and enhance the wellbeing of affected children. South Africa offers two cash transfers, and comparison studies show that OVC programs that are staffed with trained paraprofessionals who received training, compensation and other support were significantly more effective at linking families to social grants for children than volunteer-based programs.
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Home visiting is a popular component of programs for HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa, but its implementation varies widely. While some home visitors are lay volunteers, other programs invest in more highly trained paraprofessional staff. Results suggest that programs that invest in compensation and extensive training for home visitors are better able to serve and retain beneficiaries, and they support a move toward establishing a professional workforce of home visitors to support vulnerable children and families in South Africa.
This study examined associations between sexual initiation, unprotected sex, and having multiple sex partners in the past year with participation in a three-year empowerment program targeting orphan and vulnerable children (OVC). A Kenya-based program combines community-conditioned cash transfer, psychosocial empowerment, health education, and microenterprise development.
This report aims to consolidate experience and create opportunities for dialogue and shared learning on reintegration practices for separated children.
This policy brief is to urge policy makers, donors and stakeholders who are part of health systems to invest in mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programming in prolonged crisis settings throughout the Middle East. Populations in humanitarian contexts are especially at risk for mental health conditions, and integration of services will improve accessibility.
Programs which seek to remove or mitigate barriers to child development, through both household- and community-level interventions, could also be indirectly improving ART uptake and adherence among adults living in these same households.
This compendium lists 48 measures and approaches for assessment of the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of children in humanitarian emergencies.
This study examines the impact of a family economic strengthening intervention on parenting stress among caregivers of AIDS-orphaned children in Uganda. Findings from this study point to the potential of a family economic strengthening intervention to improve caregiver’s psychosocial wellbeing and that of their families.
Psychological distress is a key risk factor for poor sexual decision-making and is particularly salient for OVC given their well-documented higher risk for mental health problems. Providing both psychological and behavioral interventions resulted in long-term changes in sexual behavior that were not present when either intervention was provided in isolation.
A four-year longitudinal study of young people aged 14–24 in KwaZulu-Natal was carried out to test the impact of three evidence-based interventions. Participants in the study showed behavioral changes regarding self-esteem, financial matters and protection from HIV.
This manual is comprised of a two-day course and intended for use in institutions which carry out pre-service or in-service training of care professionals.
International child protection work has undergone a paradigm shift, moving from addressing issues such as trafficked children, street children and child labor separately to a more integrated systems approach. As a young nation still marked by conflict, South Sudan offers insight into how the interplay between a fragile national child protection system in a conflict-affected country and the efforts of international humanitarian actors can promote or undermine systems strengthening.
ChildFirst was launched in March 2008 as USAID’s primary OVC intervention in Zimbabwe, with an end date of December 31, 2012. The program sought to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe by developing and improving on effective models of care and support for OVC and leveraging the experience of national and community-based organizations to increase access to quality holistic services for OVC. Over the five-year project period, CF included 22 partner organizations that provided education, health, child protection services and advocacy for OVC.
These 32 core indicators have been developed to measure the strength of national social service systems in the areas of leadership and governance, workforce, financing, information management systems, and coordination and networking.
Recognizing the need for coordination and consistency in Government interventions for children, the Government of Rwanda, through the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion initiated the development of the Integrated Child Rights Policy, a comprehensive national document, detailing Rwanda’s vision and commitment to all children.
The National Standards of Care for Child Welfare Institutions is a crucial policy instrument regulating the provision of alternative care for children. Children’s care provided through Child Welfare Institutions needs to be managed so that the methods and procedures used by the institutions comply with the national framework on alternative care for children and to ensure these institutions function appropriately. The National Standards of Care for Child Welfare Institutions were drafted in response to the recommendations of the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child.
These Guidelines describe a formal mechanism to determine the best interests of the child (BID). BID systems should not, however, be established in isolation of other protection measures taken for the benefit of children falling under UNHCR’s mandate. The mechanism is thus designed as part of a comprehensive child protection system.
This strategic plan provides a framework and clear path toward the attainment of adequate and competent health and social welfare workforce that is motivated and equitably distributed to all parts of the country. Five core values are identified in the document as goals for implementation.
This Human Resources for Health Strategic Plan has been developed with a view to creating an enabling environment to promote participation of key Human Resource for Health and Social Welfare stakeholders in addressing human resource crisis in the health sector. Specific focus is on planning and policy development capacity; leadership and stewardship; education, training and development; workforce management and utilization; partnership; research and development; and financing.
This Mapping and Assessment Toolkit aims to provide a practical and user-friendly method to enable participants in the child protection mapping process to identify the main country child protection risks within the rights framework, and to examine the scope and capacity of the existing child protection system (ranging from formal to informal), accountability mechanisms, and resource mobilization approaches.
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