The guide is written for child and youth care workers (CYCWs) and it focuses on the parts of the South Africa Children’s Act that are most relevant to them. This is an updated edition of the guide which contains extra information for professionals who provide services to children living and working or begging on the streets. It also has updated information on developments in the law and in government policy. This guide is not meant to replace the Children’s Act. Instead, it should be read together with a copy of the Act itself. All social service providers responsible for the care and development of children are strongly encouraged to study the Act and attend a training course on it.